Effects of different substrates on the runner production of the June-bearing strawberry cv. ‘Senga Sengana’
Producing high-quality daughter plants of the June-bearing strawberry is very important for fruit production around the year. This study was conducted to investigate the impacts of different substrates on the runner production of the June-bearing strawberry cultivar ‘Senga Sengana’. In April 2019, strawberry mother plants were planted while the daughter plants were examined November 2019. The nursery trial field was separated into four substrate treatments, each included ten strawberry mother plants, approximately homogeneous. The place where the mother plants were planted was with the same substrate (PTS substrate “Pindstrup”) and separated from the field for the rooting of the daughter plants. In the field for the rooting of the daughter plants, four types of substrates were used: The first substrate treatment (S1) (soil 50% – decomposed manure 50%); the second substrate treatment (S2) (PTS substrate “Pindstrup” with modules (pots) with a volume of 200 mL/daughter plant); the third substrate treatment S3 (river sand 50% – soil 50%); lastly, substrate treatment four S4 (sawdust 100%). During the research, several parameters were determined for the mother plants: the crown diameter, number of flowers, number of runners per plant, number of daughter plants per runner and number of daughter plants per plant. The examination of some of the qualitative parameters was also performed on the daughter plants: the crown diameter, root length and number of roots. Based on these parameters, the daughter plants were categorised according to the standards: A++, A+, A, A–, OS (out of the standard). From the examined results, it was concluded that S3 formed the largest number of daughter plants at 123 (A++ 19.1, A+ 45.1, A 28.7, A– 17.8, OS 12.3 plants); S2 formed 69.4 daughter plants, but with the highest standards (A++ 34.7, A+ 33.6, A– 1.1 plants); S4 formed 74.8 daughter plants (A++ 26.2, A+ 30.4, A 14 OS 4.2 plants), while S1 formed 62 daughter plants and showed the worst results for both the number of plants and the standard (A+ 7, A 3.8, A– 0.8, OS 50.4 plants).
Albaho M., Bhat N., Abo-Rezq H., Thomas B. (2009): Effect of three different substrates on growth and yield of two cultivars of Capsicum annuum. European Journal of Scientific Research, 28: 227–233
Beniwal V., Godara A.K. (2017): Propagation studies in strawberry (Fragaria × Ananassa Duch.) under protected conditions. Chemical Science Review and Letters, 6: 1795–1799.
Bolda M., Dara K.S., Fallon J., Sanchez M., Petersen K. (2015): Strawberry production manual for growers on the central coast, second edition. Monterey Contry, University of California Cost Studies.
Hicklenton P.R., Reekie J.Y.C. (2002): The nursery connection: exploring the links between transplant growth and development, establishment, and productivity. In: Hokanson S.C., Jamieson A.R.: Strawberry Research to 2001. Proceedings of the 5th North American Strawberry Conference: 136–146.
Husaini A.M., Neri D. (2016): Strawberry: Growth, development and diseases. Boston USA, CABI.
Johnson J.H., Hochmuth G., Maynard D. (2010): Soilless culture of greenhouse vegetables. Aviable at https://www.academia.edu/es/35861710/SOILLESS_CULTURE_of_ Greenhouse_Vegetables
LeBrun M., Francis K., Barber P. (2014): Homegrown Berries Successfully Grow Your Own Strawberries, Raspberries, Blueberries, Blackberries, and More. London, Timber Press Portland.
Lieten P. (2014): The strawberry nursery industry in the Netherlands: an update. Acta Horticulturae (ISHS), 1049: 99–106. https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2014.1049.7
Lisiecka J. (2009): Effect of type and size of strawberry mother plants on the quantity and quality of daughter plants. In: VIth International Strawberry Symposium: 842.
Lucchi P., Benedettini G., Germandi M., Faedi W., Turci P. (2004): La “Nuova” certificazione per una pianta di fragola di qualita. Frutticoltura, 4: 15–19.
Pritts M., Handley D., Walker C. (1998): Strawberry production guide for the Northeast, Midwest, and Eastern Canada. Ithaca, New York, Northeast Regional Agricultural Engineering Service Cooperative Extension Box 4557.
Rowley D., Black B., Drost D. (2010): Strawberry plug plant production. Aviable at https://digitalcommons.usu.edu/extension_curall/2944
Sharma R., Singh A., Sharma S., Masodi F., Shankar U. (2013): Strawberry regeneration and assessment of runner quality in subtropical plains. Journal of Applied Horticulture, 15: 191–194. https://doi.org/10.37855/jah.2013.v15i03.37
Savini G., Giorgi V., Scarano E., Neri, D. (2008): Strawberry plant relationship through the stolon. Physiologia Plantarum, 134: 421–429. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1399-3054.2008.01145.x
Savini G., Neri D., Zucconi F., Sugiyama N. (2005): Strawberry growth and flowering. International. Journal of Fruit Science, 5: 29–50.
Selamovska A., Najdenovska O. (2012): Influence of the substrate and time for pikiring on rooting and quality of strawberry rosettes. ZemLjište i Biljka, 61: 33–39.
Selamovska A., Nathan M. (2014): Strawberry: Factors of high yield. Chapter 8. In: Malone N. (ed.): Strawberries Cultivation, Antioxidant Properties and Health Benefits. New York, Nova Science Publishers: 121–188.
Strand L. (2008): Integrated pest management for Strawberries (2nd ed.). University of Oakland, California, UCANR Publications.
Takeida F., Hokanson C.S., Enns M.J. (2004): Influence of daughter plant weight and position on strawberry transplant production and field performance in annual plasticulture. HortScience, 39: 1592–1595. https://doi.org/10.21273/HORTSCI.39.7.1592
Türkben C. (2008): Propagation of Strawberry Plants in Pots: Effect of Runner Order and Rooting Media. Journal of Biological and Environmental Sciences, 2: 1–4
Zhao Y. (2007): Berry Fruit -Value-Added Products for Health Promotion. (1st ed.). Boca Raton, CRC Press.