Antimicrobial properties of phenolic acid alkyl esters

Feldeková E., Kosová M., Berčíková M., Dragoun M., Klojdová I., Hrádková I., Šmidrkal J. (2022): Antimicrobial properties of phenolic acid alkyl esters. Czech J. of Food Sci., 40: 438–444.

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The series of phenolic acid (2-, 3-, 4-monohydroxy- and 2,4-, 2,5-dihydroxy) alkyl esters (methyl, ethyl, propyl, and butyl) were prepared, and their antimicrobial activities were determined. The antimicrobial activity against the tested microorganisms Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus, Candida albicans and Aspergillus brasiliensis was investigated and expressed by minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) in the range of 1.2–20 mM. The inhibitory activity of higher esters of phenolic acids was found to be higher than that of methyl esters and acids. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of tested compounds was compared with that of 4-hydroxybenzoic acid and its esters (parabens).

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